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Vaccine Schedule

VACCINE SCHEDULE

*CORE VACCINES*

These are vaccines that should be given to all horses, regardless of exposure.

West Nile Virus

A widespread mosquito-borne, neurological disease that kills one in three clinically affected horses.

Unvaccinated Adult Horse

A single dose is given twice a year, in the spring and fall

Vaccinated Adult Horse

A single dose is given twice a year, in the spring and fall

Broodmares

If previously unvaccinated, start the same series as an unvaccinated adult horse with one dose given 4 to 6 weeks pre-partum (before delivery). For a vaccinated mare, give the vaccine semi-annually with one dose given 4 to 6 weeks pre-partum.

Foals

Give the first dose between 3 to 4 months of age and the second dose 1 month later

Eastern / Western Equine Encephalitis (EEE & WEE)

EEE and WEE are mosquito-borne virus diseases that affects the nervous system, causing severe complications and death.

Unvaccinated Adult Horse

The vaccine is given in a 2 dose series. The 2nd dose is administered 4 to 6 after the 1st and then boostered yearly prior to the onset of mosquito season

Vaccinated Adult Horse

The vaccine is boostered annually, prior to the onset of mosquito season

Broodmares

If previously unvaccinated, start the 2 dose series 4 to 6 weeks apart and then again 4 to 6 weeks pre-partum. For previously vaccinated mares, give the vaccine annually 4 to 6 weeks pre-partum

Foals

From an unvaccinated mare, give the vaccine at 4, 5, and 6 months of age. From a vaccinated mare, give the vaccine at 6, 7, and 8 months of age.

Tetanus

An often fatal disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani found in soil and feces.

Unvaccinated Adult Horse

Give a 2 dose series 4 to 6 weeks apart, then booster annually

Vaccinated Adult Horse

Booster is given annually

Broodmares

If previously unvaccinated give the 2 dose series 4 to 6 weeks apart and then booster 4 to 6 weeks pre-partum

Foals

From an unvaccinated mare, give 1st does at 3 months of age and the 2nd dose at 4 months of age. If the mare is vaccinated, give the 1st dose at 6 months, 2nd dose at 7 months, and the 3rd dose at 8 months of age

Rabies

An invariably fatal neurological disease caused by the bite of an infected animal.

Unvaccinated Adult Horse

A single dose is given and then boostered annually

Vaccinated Adult Horse

Boostered annually

Broodmares

Given annually and 4 – 6 weeks pre-partum or prior to breeding

Foals

From an unvaccinated mare, give the 1st dose between 3 to 4 months and then again at 12 months of age. A foal from a vaccinated mare gets a vaccine at 6, 7, and 12 months of age

Influenza

A highly contagious respiratory disease that causes fever, coughing, and nasal discharge.

Unvaccinated Adult Horse

Give a 3 dose series, giving each dose 4 to 6 weeks apart then it is boostered semi-annually

Vaccinated Adult Horse

The booster is given semi-annually

Broodmares

If previously unvaccinated, start the 3 dose series giving the 3 rd dose 4 to 6 weeks pre-partum. If the mare was vaccinated, give it semi-annually with one dose administered 4 to 6 weeks pre-partum

Foals

From an unvaccinated mare, a 3 dose series is given at 6, 7, and 8 months of age, then again at 3 month intervals. If the mare was vaccinated, start the 3 dose series at 9 months of age, giving the 3rd dose at 12 months and then at 3 month intervals

*RISK-BASED VACCINES*

For non-core vaccines, the risk of infection varies from horse to horse. Disease protection is based on your horse and exposure in your area. Dr. McEvoy can evaluate your horses' needs and recommend the appropriate plan for you and your horse.

Strangle

This is an infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi. Abscessed lymph node glands and a nasal discharge of puss are two of the common symptoms.

Unvaccinated Adult Horse

Give a 3 dose series, giving each dose 2 to 4 weeks apart and then semi-annually to annually, as required for your horse

Vaccinated Adult Horse

Give semi-annually to annually, as required for your horse

Broodmares

: If unvaccinated, give a 3 dose series, with each dose 2 to 4 weeks apart and be sure to give the 3rd dose 4 to 6 weeks pre-partum

Foals

Give the first dose between 6 and 9 months of age and booster 3 weeks later

Equine Herpesvirus (Rhino)

EVH can cause fever, lethargy, nasal discharge, and a cough. It can also cause abortions in pregnant mares.

Unvaccinated Adult Horse

Give a 3 dose series, giving each dose 4 to 6 weeks apart, then booster yearly as needed

Vaccinated Adult Horse

Give the booster annually as needed

Broodmares

Give 3 doses series, given at 5, 7, and 9 months of gestation

Foals

Start a 3 dose series at 4 months of age, giving each vaccine 4 to 6 weeks apart